Sunday, September 14, 2014

DECORATIONS : NASSAU (DUCHY) - THE MEDALS AND DECORATIONS OF HONOUR

1. Military Decoration of Honour. This decoration was founded by Duke Frederick Augustus, to save from oblivion - as the patent says - special deeds of valour, such as saving the life of a comrade, etc., performed by a soldier. It consists (Nos. 1 and 2) of a medal, gold or silver, and is destined only for sergeants and those of lower rank It is worn at the button-hole of the regimentals, suspended by a dark brown and sulphur-yellow ribbon. The owner of the silver medal receives with it an addition equal to half of his pay, and the owner of the gold medal, an addition equal to his full pay, in time of peace. The addition is retained even after promotion. The owner of the silver medal is not excluded from the additional reward of the gold medal, if subsequent merit entitle him to it. The medal remains in the family of the recipient after his decease.

  

2. The Civil Medal of Merit, is distributed in gold and in silver to civil officers for long and faithful service. It also remains with the heirs of the deceased owner. The impression shows, each time, the effigy and name of the reigning Duke.

3. Military Decoration of Honour, for Service, was founded on the 25th February, 1834 (Nos. 4 and 5). It consists :

a. For officers, of a golden cross, showing in the middle of the front, a "W", and in the arms of the cross : "XXI. Treue Dienstjahre" (Twenty-one years' faithful service), while the reverse contains in the middle: "Der 25 Februar, 1834" (25th February, 1834), as the day of the first presentation. It is worn on the left breast by a blue ribbon (No. 4).


b. For sub-officers, the members of the band, and privates, of a silver cross, with the same inscription as the above, and with the only difference, that the Roman cypher upon the upper arm of the cross is "XXIL, XVI.", X., (No. 5) according to the respective classes.


The ribbon of the first class is blue (like that of the officers); that of the second class the same, but with a gold yellow stripe (No. 6) ; and that of the third class also the same, but with two stripes (No. 7). The cross is worn, if military, on the left breast of the uniform, and if civil, at the buttonhole.

  
An increase of pay is granted to sub-officers and soldiers on receiving the silver cross.

4. The Waterloo Medal was founded by Duke Frederick on the 23rd December, 1815 (No. 3), for officers and privates who had taken part in that battle, or were at least in active service at that period. It is worn suspended by a dark blue watered ribbon with orange coloured borders.


Source : the book of orders of knighthood and decorations of honour of all nations, sir Bernard BURKE, 1858

DECORATIONS : MONTONEGRO (PRINCIPALITY)

In 1837, this government had medals struck to reward the Klephts (Armatols) for their services in the Greek War of Independence ; these medals contain the Russian arms, and inscription : "To loyalty and valour". Prince Daniel distributed about two hundred of them in 1853.

Source : the book of orders of knighthood and decorations of honour of all nations, sir Bernard BURKE, 1858

DECORATIONS : MODENA - THE DECORATIONS OF HONOUR

In addition to the already existing decoration for sub-officers and privates of twelve or eighteen years' service, the Duke (Francis V.) founded on the 16th May, 1852, another Cross for officers who had served the uninterrupted space of twentyfive years, under the standard of the house of Este.

This Cross is of silver, with a golden edge and ring, and is worn on the left breast suspended by a white and blue ribbon.

The middle of the obverse contains a small blue enamelled medal, on which is seen the white eagle of Este under a royal crown. The reverse shows the cypher "XXV" in silver, upon golden ground.

Officers who have completed the fiftieth year of service receive a white enamelled cross, with the cypher "50 " on it ; in all other respects as just described.

Source : the book of orders of knighthood and decorations of honour of all nations, sir Bernard BURKE, 1858

DECORATIONS : MEXICO - THE ORDER OF THE MADONNA OF GUADALOUPE

Was founded after the model of the old one of the Emperor Iturbide, on the 11th November, 1853. The head of the Mexican government is Grand Master, and nominates twentyfom' Knights Grand Cross, one hundred Commanders (exclusive of foreigners), and an unlimited number of Knights.

The Order is worn suspended by a sky blue ribbon with violet borders, and consists of a golden cross, enamelled red green and white, and placed upon palm leaves and an olive branch, with the Mexican eagle above it. The middle of the front shows the figure of the Madonna of Guadaloupe, with the inscription : "Religion, Independence, Union". The red middle of the reverse contains the enamelled inscription : "Heroic Patriotism". The Order has its chapter, festivals, costume (of satin and taffetas), spiritual and secular officials, salaries and hospitals, all after the model of the old European Orders.

Source : the book of orders of knighthood and decorations of honour of all nations, sir Bernard BURKE, 1858

Monday, September 1, 2014

Armorial of France Hozier 1696

ARMORIAL OF FRANCE BY HOZIER




Armorial of France in 1696 by Hozier


Charles René d'HOZIER, son of Pierre of HOZIER, helped him in his research, succeeded to him in the charged of judge of arms and was named genealogist of the king.

He published the Grand Armorial of France established on order of Louis XIV in 1696. This one containss 120,000 painted blazons.


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